Universities have recorded a sharp increase in the number of students wearing banned smart-watches in exam halls.
The Irish Times reports that most third-level institutions ban the use of Fitbits, Apple Watches and other devices which allow users to upload and access information.
NUI Galway this year recorded an increase in the number of breaches of exam regulations - from 56 last year to 83 so far this year, and said a key factor was the use of smartwatches.
The university's penalties for breaches of exam regulations range from letters of reprimand, to permanent exclusion.
NUI Galway said it recorded a similar increase after it banned mobile phones several years ago.